In construction and hauling, especially at off-road or construction sites, there is a need for specialized equipment. These include backhoes, tractors, loaders, heavy haulers and dump trucks, and even bobcats.
Articulated hauler distributors like Topspot Heavy Equipment, know that equipment should reach areas where these machines are needed.
For heavy equipment, durability and toughness count a lot, especially when they work on loose dirt or sand. Most heavy haulers are needed during the excavation phase, prior to erecting the building.
People normally don’t see the amount of work done below ground since they just see the finished structure. Not all of them are aware that every building starts with excavating the foundation.
Before the building process begins, excavation is done to create a hole that will be filled by the building’s base. The size of the excavation depends on the size of the building and the depth of the bedrock.
Typically, a separate construction firm is contracted to do the excavation. These firms specialize in digging deep holes in the ground and creating the foundations for buildings and other structures.
By contracting the excavation, the building project can move forward in preparation for the succeeding steps.
Of course, there are some firms that do everything – excavation, sewer system, HVAC, and electrical systems, etc. However, these depend on the size of the workforce required for such an undertaking.
Excavation contractors use the latest techniques, heavy machinery, and other tools to dig the ground or to bury pylons.
Relying heavily on these new tools and techniques as well as their own engineering and construction experience allows excavation companies to finish their job safely and on time.
Engineering Behind Excavations
Excavations entail digging earth from the ground and hauling it away. However, the volume of soil needed to be excavated has to be calculated first.
If the digging is too deep, it would be expensive to fill up. If the digging were too shallow, then a tall building would not be structurally sound. It might start to lean like the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
Consideration is also given to the bedrock. In most instances, the excavation is only up to the depth of the bedrock.
This is a solid rock, which can support the weight of the building and its future occupants, without compressing and sinking.
Each building has its own calculations and planning because not all of them are the same, even the land underneath. The factors to consider in every excavation include:
- The type of structure the foundation will support
- The type of ground the building will stand on
- The underground water conditions, including seepage from the sides
- The building’s land area
- The proximity to roads
- The sensitivity to earthquakes, shakes, noise and vibration
There are many other factors to be taken into account — the proximity to other buildings, the type of construction for the building itself, and many others. These help in deciding how to go about creating the building foundation.
Whether it’s a high-rise, an apartment project of low-rise buildings, an auditorium, or a single-story house, the foundation is studied and planned thoroughly. This is a part of the building construction where a do-over is not easily implemented.
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