The art of every country tells the tale of traditions and cultures of its country. India stands amongst the top nations who have collected a lot of appreciation and recognition due to the traditional Indian artworks. It is a land of varied and distinct art forms. Infact, in India almost every region used to practice a particular kind of art form which the natives of that region used to develop. Art in India is practiced in the form of carvings, embroideries, paintings, drawings and in many others ways as well.
However, in today’s world which is largely under the influence of western culture it has become difficult to retain the significance of Indian art, culture and tradition even in India. Hence, lot many beauteous and unique Indian art forms are almost on the verge of losing their existence completely. The artists whether urban or rural hardly practice these art forms now as the demand for them is very low.
Nonetheless, in this blog post we have mentioned some of the most traditional and exquisite art forms which are not known to many and are getting waved off in this cyclone of modernity. Take a look!
This painting style has originated from Anga Pradesh which was earlier known as Bihar. Apparently, this art form was used as a means of storytelling. A series of paintings were used to convey a story by displaying these illustrations. Earlier these paintings were only made at the time of Bishahari festival. This festival is dedicated to the god of snakes. This festival is celebrated in Baghalpur region. However, it was only at the time of British rule that these kind of Indian paintings started receiving immense love and recognition. Thereafter, it rapidly started fading away in 20th century. The Bihar government is directing its actions to revive the craft. The government is also thinking of patenting it as Bhagalpur folk art.
This traditional Indian art form has existed in India for more than 3000 years. The art has also been the best source of recreation for Indians before the advent of 20th century. This art form was developed during the time when there was no technological advancement in India. However, now television has replaced the puppetry shows not just in urban areas but in rural areas as well. There are many puppetry art forms that not even Indians are aware of. Kathputhli in Rajasthan, shadow puppetry in Kerala and Kundhei in Rajasthan were once adored by the people of these regions. Gradually, the prominence of this art form decreased and now one hardly sees any practicing puppetry. Efforts by some schools and NGOs have been made to revive the popularity of this distinguished Indian art but all has gone in vain.
This unique handicraft technique has existed for more than 4000 years in India. The first masterpiece of Dhokra handicraft is believed to be the dancing girl of Mohenjo-Daro. The Bastar district of Chhattisgarh is still a home to many of the tribes practicing this intricate Indian art form. They use to mould motifs. Not just in domestic market but the demand for them is high in foreign markets too. People get enticed by the simplistic approach which these handicrafts use. Although, such handicrafts have always been high in demand, the challenge here is the lack of native people practicing this handicraft. Moreover, they are not able to meet the demand because the demand is high and everything is produced manually without any involvement of technology and machines.
The technique of making this painting is known only to the Khatri family which is residing in the Kutch area of Rajasthan. More than seven generations of the family have practiced this painting style and now only six of them are doing this. Apparently, this will be the last generation who would be making these paintings. According to them, the next generation isn’t patient enough and has its own ambitions. Thus, this painting style will not exist for long. This alluring art form is done on fabric with castor oil, six inches thin metal rod and paints. These paintings are purchased by foreigners and locals at high prices as the production of these painting is really low.
All the fore mentioned art forms are unique in their own way. It’s high time for the citizens of India to realize the significance of these paintings. Necessary steps should be taken by the government to continue the production of these art forms.
Let us know in the comments about other Indian paintings and art forms which are losing their existence slowly.